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How to File a Statement of Claim in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice

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If you are considering bringing a legal claim against someone in Ontario, filing a Statement of Claim is the first step. The Statement of Claim lays out the details of your case and begins the legal process. Here’s what you need to know about filing a Statement of Claim.

Understanding the Statement of Claim Process

When it comes to legal disputes, it’s important to understand the process and requirements involved in filing a lawsuit. One of the key documents you’ll need to prepare is a Statement of Claim. This legal document serves as the foundation for your case, outlining the details of your claim and what you hope to achieve.

What is a Statement of Claim?

A Statement of Claim is a legal document that outlines the details of a lawsuit. It tells the court and the defendant what your claim is about, the reasons behind it, and what you hope to achieve. Essentially, it’s your chance to present your case and explain why you believe you are entitled to a particular outcome.

When preparing a Statement of Claim, it’s important to be as clear and concise as possible. You want to make sure that the court and the defendant understand exactly what your claim is about and what you hope to achieve.

Importance of Filing a Statement of Claim

Before you can bring a case to court, you must file a Statement of Claim. This serves as the foundation for your legal proceedings. Filing a Statement of Claim also ensures that you meet the court’s strict deadlines and that everyone involved in the case understands what is at stake.

Without a Statement of Claim, you may not be able to pursue legal action or seek the outcome you desire. So, it’s important to take the time to prepare a thorough and accurate document.

Key Components of a Statement of Claim

When preparing a Statement of Claim, there are several key components you should include:

  • A clear and concise statement of the facts that support your claim: This is perhaps the most important component of your Statement of Claim. You need to clearly and accurately explain the facts that support your claim. This may include things like dates, times, and specific events that led to the dispute.
  • The relief you are seeking: In other words, what do you hope to achieve with the lawsuit? This could include monetary damages, specific actions by the defendant, or other outcomes.
  • The legal basis for your claim: You need to explain the legal grounds for your claim. This might involve citing specific laws or regulations that support your case.
  • The names and addresses of all parties involved in the lawsuit, including any witnesses: It’s important to identify all of the parties involved in the dispute, including any potential witnesses who may be able to provide testimony or evidence.
  • A statement regarding any previous disputes or claims related to the matter: If there have been any previous disputes or legal claims related to the matter at hand, you should include this information in your Statement of Claim.
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By including these key components in your Statement of Claim, you can help ensure that your case is presented clearly and accurately to the court. This can increase your chances of achieving a favourable outcome.

Preparing to File a Statement of Claim

Gathering Relevant Information and Documents

Before you can file a Statement of Claim, you will need to gather all the necessary information and documents to support your case. This may include things like contracts, invoices, emails, photos, and witness statements. It’s important to be thorough and organized in your documentation so that you can make a compelling case later on.

When gathering information, it’s important to consider all aspects of your case. For example, if you are filing a claim for breach of contract, you should gather all relevant documents related to the contract, including any amendments or modifications. You should also gather any communications between you and the defendant that relate to the contract, such as emails or letters.

If your case involves a personal injury claim, you should gather all medical records related to your injury, including any bills or receipts for medical treatment. You should also gather any witness statements from individuals who witnessed the accident or injury.

Identifying the Parties Involved

Correctly identifying all parties involved in the case is crucial. This includes the defendant(s) and any witnesses. If a party is incorrectly named, the court may reject the Statement of Claim.

If you are unsure about the identity of a party, you should do your research to ensure that you have the correct information. This may involve conducting an online search or contacting relevant organizations or individuals.

Drafting the Statement of Claim

It’s important to draft the Statement of Claim carefully and accurately. The language used should be clear, concise, and detailed. Make sure the structure and content of the document comply with the court’s rules of pleadings.

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When drafting the Statement of Claim, it’s important to consider the tone and style of the document. You want to present the information in a way that is compelling and persuasive to the court. This may involve using persuasive language or presenting the information in a logical and organized manner.

If you are working with a lawyer to draft the Statement of Claim, make sure to communicate your goals and objectives clearly. You should also ask questions and provide feedback to ensure that the final document accurately reflects your case.

If you decide to draft the Statement of Claim yourself, it’s important to review the court’s rules of pleadings carefully. These rules outline the requirements for formatting, content, and structure of the document. You should also consider seeking feedback from a legal professional to ensure that your document is accurate and effective.

Filing the Statement of Claim

When it comes to filing a Statement of Claim, there are several important steps to follow. This legal document is used to initiate a lawsuit and set out the details of the plaintiff’s case. Here are some additional details to consider when filing your Statement of Claim:

  • Check the Filing Deadline: It is important to know the deadline for filing your claim. In some cases, there may be a time limit for bringing a claim, so it is important to act quickly.
  • Confirm Fees and Payment Methods: Before filing your claim, make sure you know how much it will cost and what payment methods are accepted. The fees may vary depending on the nature and value of your claim.

Submitting the Statement of Claim to the Court

Once you have drafted your Statement of Claim, you must submit it to the court. This can be done online or in-person at a courthouse. If you are unsure about how to file your claim, you can contact the court for assistance.

  • Online Filing: Many courts now offer online filing options. This can be a convenient way to file your claim from the comfort of your own home or office.
  • In-Person Filing: If you prefer to file your claim in-person, you will need to visit the courthouse during regular business hours. Make sure to bring a copy of your Statement of Claim and any other required documents.
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Paying the Filing Fee

When filing your Statement of Claim, you will need to pay a fee. The amount of the fee will depend on the nature and value of your claim. It is important to confirm the fee amount and payment methods with the court before submitting your claim.

Serving the Statement of Claim to the Defendant

After filing your Statement of Claim, you must serve a copy to the defendant. This is an important step in the legal process, as it ensures that the defendant is aware of the lawsuit and has an opportunity to respond. Here are some things to keep in mind when serving your claim:

  • Methods of Service: There are several ways to serve court documents, including in person, by mail, or by third-party service. Make sure to follow the court’s rules for serving documents.
  • Proof of Service: After serving your Statement of Claim, you will need to provide proof of service to the court. This can be done by completing an affidavit of service or filing a certificate of service.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your Statement of Claim is properly filed and served. It is important to seek legal advice if you have any questions or concerns about the process.

After Filing the Statement of Claim

Monitoring the Defendant’s Response

Once the defendant is served with your Statement of Claim, they will have a certain amount of time to respond. Keep track of these deadlines and any communication you receive from the defendant or their legal counsel.

Preparing for a Possible Trial

If the defendant files a Statement of Defense, indicating they intend to contest your claim, you will need to prepare for a possible trial. This may involve gathering additional evidence and consulting with a lawyer to strengthen your case.

Settling the Case Outside of Court

It’s important to keep in mind that most legal claims settle outside of court. If possible, explore settlement options with the other party or their legal representative. This can save you time, money, and stress.


Filing a Statement of Claim can seem daunting, but with careful planning and attention to detail, it can be a manageable process. By following the court’s rules and working with legal counsel as you need, you can make a compelling case and achieve a just outcome.

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